A new study of a quarter-million Miami-Dade County Medicare beneficiaries showed that higher levels of neighborhood greenness, including trees, grass and other vegetation, were linked to a significant reduction in the rate of chronic illnesses, particularly in low- to middle-income neighborhoods.
Led by researchers at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine’s Department of Public Health Sciences and the University of Miami School of Architecture, the study showed that higher greenness was linked to significantly lower rates of diabetes, hypertension and high cholesterol, as well as fewer chronic health conditions.
The findings, published online April 6 by the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, are based on 2010-11 health data reported for approximately 250,000 Miami-Dade Medicare beneficiaries over age 65, and a measure of vegetative presence based on NASA satellite imagery. The study was the first of its kind to examine block-level greenness and its relationship to health outcomes in older adults, and the first to measure the impact of greenness on specific cardio-metabolic diseases.
Robert J. Myerburg, M.D., professor of medicine and physiology, and the American Heart Association Chair in Cardiovascular Research, has written a pair of journal articles supporting electrocardiographic (ECG) screening of college athletes and, in principle, screening of children and adolescents not involved in sports.
Ralph L. Sacco, M.D., M.S., professor and Chairman of Neurology, and Olemberg Family Chair in Neurological Disorders, and Tatjana Rundek, M.D., Ph.D., professor of neurology and Vice Chair for Clinical Translational Research, have published an editorial, “The Value of Urgent Specialized Care for TIA and Minor Stroke,” in the New England Journal of Medicine.
An unprecedented collaborative study across North America has found that islet transplantation was effective in preventing severe hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar levels, in the treatment of the most severe forms of type 1 diabetes. Eight centers including the Diabetes Research Institute (DRI) at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, participated in the trial.
The Faculty Senate last week bestowed its highest honors on Laurence R. Sands, M.D., M.B.A., and Eugene R. Schiff, M.D., two pioneering physicians at the Miller School of Medicine. For the first time, the Senate also conferred a Special Senate Award posthumously, recognizing Eckhard Podack, M.D., Ph.D., the late researcher at Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, for his life-saving discoveries.
A distinguished group of national clinicians, researchers and policymakers took a close look at ethrics-related issues at “Florida Ethics: Debates, Decisions, Solutions,” an April 8 conference sponsored by the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine’s Institute for Bioethics and Health Policy and the Florida Bioethics Network.